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The open Museum of Memphis, the first capital of Egypt

The open Museum of Memphis, the first capital of Egypt

Memphis was the first capital in Egypt, founded by Menes, the first pharaoh of Egypt.

Memphis' capital was replaced by Thebes (Luxor), then Alexandria and the last was Cairo, the current capital of Egypt.

On the ruins of ancient Memphis, the town of "Mit Rahina" was built and is located on the western bank of the Nile River, 19 km south of Cairo, in the funerary complex of Memphis that includes Sakkara and Dahshur.


The open Museum in Memphis 

It is an open-air museum located in the village of “Mit Rahina” that includes relics rescued from the demolished temple of Ptah, colossal statues of King Ramses II and the second largest Sphinx in Egypt.


Main attractions of the Memphis museum


1- The Colossus of Ramses II

It is the treasure of the museum worth seeing. It is a huge statue 13 meters high. It is a fascinating sculpture with all kinds of detail. It was found by chance in 1820. Due to its large size, attempts to transfer it to the British museum failed. 

2-The Alabaster Sphinx

It is the second largest sphinx in Egypt. It is sculpted in alabaster stone, belongs to the New Empire, approximately 17000 BC.

The symbology of this statue is still anonymous because of lack of inscriptions, but it is believed to symbolize Queen Hetshpesut, owner of the El Deir El Bahari temple in Luxor.


The red Pyramid of Dahshur, the first perfect model of a pyramid in Egypt

The pyramidal necropolis of Dahshur belongs to the funerary complex of the ancient capital of the of

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Edfu cityThe city of Edfu is located on the western bank of the Nile River, 90 km north of

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